When you’re merging onto a highway, who has the right of way? Who should yield? And if you get in an accident, who should pay?
Merging onto busy freeways and highways requires the full attention and skill of a driver, and it calls for drivers merging and drivers already on the highway to be courteous and use common sense. On busy Texas highways during peak traffic hours, merging in and out of traffic can often be difficult, and is the source of many car accidents every year.
Laws Governing Driving While Merging
We’re taught to be courteous and attentive in heavy traffic situations when we first learn how to drive. But it’s also written in Texas law (Section 541.061) that when a driver is entering highway traffic on an on-ramp that driver should yield to the freeway traffic before merging. However, if a driver on the freeway is driving carelessly, maliciously, or at a high-rate of speed, and causes an accident with a car that’s actively merging, it’s likely not the merging driver’s fault for “failing to yield.”
Specifically, Section 541.061 states that while on a roadway with three or more lanes going in the same direction, a driver must yield to traffic on the left when entering from the right. Section 545.058 states that drivers can drive on the shoulder of a road in certain conditions, including while they’re preparing to merge into traffic. And Section 545.154 sets the rules for when drivers need to yield when merging into traffic, even if there are no yield signs present.
By looking at these laws in the context of individual accidents, we can help determine if you or the other driver are at fault in a merging accident.
Damages involved in merging accidents
If failure to yield is the cause of the accident, you can recover different types of damages associated with the crash, including personal injury and property damage. Compensation can cover medical bills, short and long-term care, lost income, household expenses, vocational rehabilitation, and pain and suffering, depending on the nature of the accident.
Common merging accident injuries include:
- Cuts and Bruises
- Broken Bones
- Knee Injuries
- Neck Injuries
- Nerve Damage
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Spinal Cord Injury
- Hip Damage
- Rotator Cuff Damage
What to Do After a Merging Accident
Immediately after you’re involved in an accident while merging onto another lane, you should stop if it’s safe. Ideally, you should turn on your hazard lights, look for the driver who hit you, and both stop at a place that’s safe for you to talk and exchange information. If the driver decides not to stop, don’t try to chase him or her. Instead, stop at a safe place and call the police.
Once you’re stopped, exchange contact and insurance information with the person involved in the accident. Avoid saying anything about the accident itself or who you think is at fault, and avoid getting angry, even if you believe you had the right-of-way. Instead, call the police and wait for an accident report. At this time, it’s also a good idea to call your insurance company or agent to report the accident if you’re in the position to do so.
While you’re waiting for the police to arrive, take photographs of the damage to your vehicle, check for any witnesses that may have witnessed the accident, and write down the time and location of the accident. This information will be useful when filing your claim and in the event you hire an attorney.
Filing a claim
If you were hurt in the accident and didn’t seek immediate medical treatment for your injuries, you should visit a doctor right away. This will ensure that you get the treatment you need and that you injuries will be documented.
The other driver’s insurance company may call you to ask for a statement, but we recommend that you don’t say anything until you hire a lawyer. Insurance companies are notorious for wording questions in ways to set up the answers in their favor to help them avoid having to pay your damages.
If the insurer blames you for the accident, or if they believe it’s unclear who caused the accident or who had the right away, you should consider contacting an attorney right away. Attorneys can help you reconstruct the scene of an accident in a much more sophisticated way than what’s available in a police report or personal testimony.
Frequently Asked Questions About Merging Lane Car Accidents
Who is at fault when merging?
In most cases, the vehicle merging into traffic is liable for an accident. Drivers should only merge when it is safe to do so. However, if the driver already on the highway is driving carelessly or recklessly and causes an accident with an already merging car, they may be at fault.
When is an accident the merging driver’s fault?
The merging driver is responsible for an accident when they do not take steps to ensure there is no oncoming traffic in the lane they want to enter. The merging driver may also be liable when they are driving distracted, such as texting or eating behind the wheel.
When does the non-merging driver have some fault?
Non-merging drivers may have some fault when they are driving distracted. Distracted driving can include texting, eating, adjusting the radio, or interacting with passengers. They may also be liable if they were drinking and driving.