What is Intoxication Manslaughter in Texas

Intoxication manslaughter cases in Texas occur too frequently in the state of Texas. What makes the cases even worse is that it is usually an innocent victim who is killed by the drunk and the drunk escapes relatively unharmed from the collision.

intoxicated-manslaughter-texas-accidentOrganizations such as Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) have for years shown great interest in these cases and often help support the prosecution of the intoxicated drivers as part of their advocacy to get people to stop driving drunk. Our car accident lawyers support these efforts and others because there is no excuse for drinking and driving.

Intoxication manslaughter is defined in the Texas Penal Code in Section 49.08. The Code defines it as:

  • (a) A person commits an offense if the person:
    1. operates a motor vehicle in a public place, operates an aircraft, a watercraft, or an amusement ride, or assembles a mobile amusement ride; and
    2. is intoxicated and by reason of that intoxication causes the death of another by accident or mistake.

Civil Cause of Action

While many of the intoxication manslaughter cases revolve around the criminal statute, the statute can also be used as a civil cause of action. This is beneficial to the injured party because the Texas Legislature has stated that punitive damages, or exemplary damages, are not capped if you can meet the elements of the “cause of action” in this type of case.

While most tort claims for punitive damages are capped, certain types of claims are not subject to the cap in Texas. The applicable statute, Section 41.008(b) of the Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code, states:

  • (b) Exemplary damages awarded against a defendant may not exceed an amount equal to the greater of:
  • (1)(A) two times the amount of economic damages; plus
  • (B) an amount equal to any noneconomic damages found by the jury, not to exceed $750,000; or
  • (2) $200,000.

However, subsection (c) of this Statute provides a number a claims that are exempt from this cap. Two claims that are specifically excluded from the cap are intoxication manslaughter and intoxication assault. This allows you the ability to seek a large punitive damage award from the jury.

If you think you were involved in such an accident and want to seek a legal opinion to explore your options, seek the help of a legal professional right away.

A Recent Intoxicated Manslaughter Case

In a 2007 intoxication manslaughter case in Texas, a judge’s daughter was convicted for a drunken driving crash that killed her boyfriend. She was given probation and only served four months in county jail, the minimum under state law, causing outrage to many Texas residents who thought she got special treatment.

A jury found this young woman responsible for the death of her boyfriend when she crashed her Lexus SUV into the back of a box truck. Two blood tests after the accident showed the young woman’s blood alcohol concentration to be twice the legal limit — 0.26 and 0.28 percent. Although the young woman’s defense claimed the truck veered out in front of her, the jury found her guilty based on the overwhelming evidence that she was in no condition to drive. Her boyfriend, who died in the accident, was hanging out of the passenger window of the car and was also later found to have been heavily intoxicated. The two had been out drinking before getting in the car.

Although this case drew an overwhelming amount of attention because the young woman was the daughter of a judge and was minimally penalized, hundreds of other intoxication manslaughter accidents happen in Texas every year that are not highly publicized.

Penalties for Intoxicated Manslaughter in Texas

According to the latest data from Texas Department of Transportation from 2015, there were 960 fatalities in crashes involving DUI, one of the highest in the nation. Texas has historically had one of the highest rates of drunk-driver related accidents and fatalities in the nation, and it continues to be a huge public safety problem. This problem is one of the reasons Sutliff & Stout gives away free cab rides on drinking holidays. While we are all for folks having a good time, people must be responsible when they have had too much to drink.

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also provide the following insight for national drunk-driving statistics:

  • About one in three traffic deaths in the United States involve a drunk driver
  • Thanks to dedicated efforts, rates of drunk driving and alcohol-involved fatal crashes have gone down in recent years, but remain a high public safety priority
  • Drunk drivers got behind the wheel “millions of times” every year in the United States

In Texas, the minimum penalties for intoxication manslaughter are:

  • A fine not to exceed $10,000;
  • 2 years minimum up to 20 years maximum in the Texas Department of Corrections;
  • If probation is granted, a minimum of 120 days in jail as a condition of probation;
  • 240 to 800 hours of community service.
Hank Stout
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